Hepatitis: Types, symptoms and Treatment
It is a septicity (inflammation) of the liver. It is typically brought about by a viral infection, toxic agents or drugs.
Following are symptoms of hepatitis:
- Abdominal pain
- Liver enlargement
- Sometimes fever
It may be mellow or can be sharp and can lead to liver cancer.
Types of Hepatitis
There are various sorts of hepatitis are given next:
➥Hepatitis – A (Infectious Hepatitis)
➥ Hepatitis – B (Serum Hepatitis)
➥Hepatitis – C (Infusion)
➥Hepatitis – D (Delta Hepatitis)
➥Hepatitis – E
➥Hepatitis – F & G
Hepatitis – A (Infectious hepatitis)
- It was formerly known as infectious hepatitis.
- Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is an RNA virus (non enveloped).
- The disease is mild, short term and less virulent.
- It is transmitted by contact with faeces from affected peoples.
- The vaccine is gettable for HAV.
Hepatitis – B (Serum Hepatitis)
It is also known as serum hepatitis. Hepatitis B (HBV) is the second vital sort of hepatitis.
Virus: Hepatitis B infection/virus (HBV) is a DNA infection/virus.
Occurrence: It is very regular in Asia, China, the Philippines, Africa and the Middle East (Saudia Arabia).
- It is transmitted by the trading of body fluids, for example, blood serum, breast milk, and saliva.
- It is transmitted from mother to child amid birth or afterwards.
- It is in addition transmitted by sexual contact.
- During acute attacks of Hepatitis B, various symptoms appear like fatigue, loss of appetite and jaundice.
- Infected persons can recover totally and become immune to the virus.
- People with chronic hepatitis infection are at the risk of liver harm.
- Taking hygienic measures.
- Vaccination (genetically engineered vaccine is accessible for HBV).
- Screening of blood/organ/tissue of the donor.
Hepatitis – C (Infusion)
It was in the past called non-A, non-B hepatitis.
Virus: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is likewise an RNA virus (enveloped).
Symptoms / Effects: It causes infusion hepatitis, which is less severe than hepatitis A or hepatitis B. Anyway hepatitis C frequently leads to chronic liver disease.
- With the aid of (through) the blood.
- From mother to child during pregnancy and afterwards.
- By sexual contact.
The vaccine is not available for HCV.
Hepatitis – D
It is additionally known as delta hepatitis.
Hepatitis – E
- HEV is transmitted through the faeces of an infected person.
- Halbur and coworker (2001) said that hepatitis E could be transmitted through a pig.
Hepatitis Virus Common name Source of transmission
A HAV (RNA non enveloped) Infectious hepatitis Faeces
B DNA virus Surum hepatitis Serum
C RNA enveloped Infusion Hepatitis Blood
D Delta virus Delta Hepatitis
E RNA non-enveloped Faeces
F & G Unidentified
Hepatitis – F &G
Hepatitis F & G are caused by an unidentified virus.
General control of Hepatitis
Following steps should be picked to control hepatitis.
- By adopting Hygienic measures.
- Routine vaccination.
- It is likewise known as serum hepatitis.
- It is caused by the virus.
- HBV virus is DNA enveloped.
- It can transmit through blood transfusion or from mother to child through milk, body fluids.
- The vaccine is useable for it.
- It is is also known as infusion hepatitis.
- It is caused by the virus.
- HCV virus is RNA envelope.
- It can be transferred by through blood, from mother to child amid pregnancy and afterwards and by sexual contact.
- The vaccine is not available.