10 Ways To Protect Your Eyesight: Learning To Avoid Eye Problems

Of all the five senses, vision or sight is most precious to numerous people; but, the fact that vision loss risk increments as your age are undeniable. However, for most genetic and age-related eye problems are incurable, some safety steps taken in your early years can help ensure optimum eye health later in life.

1-Know Your Genes:

 A family history of diabetes and high blood pressure might reveal you to a higher risk of growing macular degeneration (distortion or loss of central vision), glaucoma, eye strokes, and diabetic retinopathy-the leading causes of blindness in adults. This makes regular diabetes tests definitely necessary in order to identify and treat these conditions as early as possible. Retinitis Pigmentosa (night blindness and gradual sight loss) is also a genetically inheritable eye disorder that should be checked for, regularly.

2-Get Regular Checkups:

Since some potentially misleading eye disorders can only be identified through professional eye examinations, avoid skipping out on yearly Ophthalmologist appointments. A comprehensive baseline eye test should be administered at the age of 40 when early symptoms of eye disorder and vision changes present themselves; followed by regular eye tests every 2-4 and 1-3 years for those aged 40-55 and 55-64, individually. For diabetics and people over 65, the yearly eye tests are suggested.

3-Stay Alert:

Get informed with your eyes. If you experience regular eye pain, swelling, twice or hazy vision, or have a problem seeing in low light conditions, contact your doctor instantly. Constant flashes of light and increased floaters (spots in vision when watching at something) may also warrant booking an appointment.


Physical exercise not only helps to obstruct diabetes and resultant diabetic retinopathy but likewise improves eye health by strengthening blood vessels and improving blood circulation. Furthermore, daily exercise has also been shown to abbreviate the risk of age-related macular degeneration by 70%.

5-Eat Healthy:

A well-balanced diet, generally, assists to fight obesity and keep type 2 diabetes and retinopathy at bay. Moreover, a diet rich in antioxidants like Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Vitamin C (found in leafy green and bright orange vegetables, among others) can diminish the risk of cataracts, while adequate consumption of omega-3 fatty acids through fish helps to prevent dry eye syndrome by increasing tear production, as well as macular degeneration.

6-Ultraviolet Defense:

Being one of the finest parts of the body, the skin nearby your eyes is very sensitive to UV radiation-a known reason for Basal and Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma, which account for nearly 5-10% of all skin cancers. Remember to use sunscreen and sunglasses-preferably wraparound styles-with 98-100% resistance to UVA and UVB (long and short wavelength) rays before going outdoors to stop cancerous tumors, along with cataract and macular degeneration.

7-Wear Protective Eyewear:

Just as sunglasses shield your eyes from Ultraviolet radiations, wearing safety glasses, helmets with protective masks, or sports goggles with polycarbonate lenses while working with tools and playing active sports, especially hockey, squash, racquetball, and polo, can save the eyes from injuries and permanent loss of vision.

8-Use Proper Lighting:

Performing eye intensive activities like, reading or working on the computer in improper lighting, both extremely bright and dim, forces eye squinting; causing discomfort and constant headaches that may lead to vision defects and other eye problems. To evade eye stress, make sure that the light source is either above or behind your shoulders, instead of facing it undeviatingly. 

9-Contact Care:

Whether you use cosmetic or prescription-grade contact lenses, use appropriate lens hygiene by wash your hands before handling the lenses; and avoid cleaning your contacts using saliva, water, or a wetting solution to evade eye infections. Furthermore, avoid overnight lens wear, expired lenses, and lens solutions, as they may cause corneal ulcers and sight loss, in extreme cases.

10-Stop Smoking:

Regular smoking and secondhand smoke contribute towards the buildup of cyanide in the bloodstream, which can harm the eye cells and result in cataracts or uveitis (inflammation of the pigmented layer of the eye). In addition, smokers are also placed at a higher risk of producing age-related macular degeneration.

While these steps may not guarantee lifelong 20/20 vision, making positive lifestyle changes can ensure that you enjoy the full visual spectrum for as long as possible.

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