Coronavirus (COVID-19): Symptoms, Causes and Prevent

Coronavirus illness or disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. It is a new epidemic. It is transmitted to humans through a virus that has not been found in the past.

Multiple people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience slight (mild) to curb respiratory disease and recover without needing special treatment. Older people and those with underlying medical problems such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic respiratory disease (CRD), diabetes or heart disease,  and cancer are more likely to develop a serious disease.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

People may be sick with the virus for 1-14 days before developing symptoms. The most frequent symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, dry cough, and tiredness or fatigue. Almost 80% of people recover from the disease without taking specific treatment.

People may experience:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing (dyspnea)
  • Tiredness or fatigue

Causes of Coronavirus

Humans first get a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from contact with animals. Then it can spread from human to human. Health administrators don’t know what animal caused COVID-19.
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) can be spread via contact with certain physical or bodily fluids, like droplets in a cough. It may also be caused by touching something, such as a person has touched an infected thing and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, and eyes.


The best way to avoid and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Keep save yourself and others from disease by washing your hands with soap and water again and again or using an alcohol-based rub frequently or using sanitizer, and not touching your face.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s essential that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing or sneezing cover your nose and mouth with tissue or elbow.
Keep a distance of 1 meter or three feet from anyone with symptoms such as fever or cold.

At this time, there is no specific vaccine or medicine to preclude (prevent) or treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may require encouraging care to assist them to breathe.


If you have slight or mild symptoms, stay at home until you have recovered well. You can take over (relieve) your symptoms if you:

  • rest and sleep 
  • keep warm
  • drink enough of liquids
  • take a hot shower or use a room humidifier to help relieve a sore throat, flu, and cough.

Medical Treatments

If you occur a fever, cough, and have difficulty breathing, immediately look for medical care. Call in early and inform your health provider of any recent situation.

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